DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/etr.v0i10.83568

Economic value-added standardization of the electrical supplying reliability and quality of customers in Russia

В. А. Овсейчук, И. В. Жежеленко

Abstract


Reliability of electrical supplying and power quality are the main parameters to characterize the power efficiency of production and electrical supplying systems. Necessity to develop the correct technical methods for estimation of the integral reliability indices was justified in article. The values of capital expenditures in Russia needed to maintain the reliability index to be equal to about 0.96-0.98 are presented. It was underlined that the power quality and losses reduction problems during reforming of power industry in Russia not received the enough attention excluding the electrified railroad transportation and large industrial customers. The growth of losses in general (for example, the 0.7%-increasing after every 10 years due to steadily worsened voltage waveform distortion) and significant rising of the level of voltage unbalance were pointed out. According to our estimations, the wide proliferation of frequency converters into industry caused the rising of motors failures on 10-15%. It is needed that the problem of efficient operation and maintenance of frequency converters to be solved in near future. The adjustments and allowances for electricity tariffs that equal to ±12% from electricity charges are needed on the basis of analysis the losses for national economics due to power quality standards non-compliances. In terms of reliability and quality of electrical supplying, the Federal Low "On technical regulation" is needed to correct in the following ways: certification and standardization of electrical energy as product, state quality audit and conformance certification. The development of special Federal Low ''On reliability and quality of the customers electrical supplying" with the complex of systemically supplemental positions is appear to be more reasonable.


Keywords


reliability of electrical supplying; power quality; customer; voltage distortion and unbalance; Federal Low

References


Metodika Rascheta Tsen (Tarifov) na Uslugi po Obespecheniyu Sistemnoy Nadezhnosti v Elektroenergetike [Calculation Technique for Prices (tariffs) on Services to Maintain the System Reliability in Power Industry]. Otchet ZAO PFK "SKAF" po dogovoru s FST Rossii. Moscow, 2006. 262 p.

Optimizatsiya Nadezhnosti Elektricheskikh Setey 110-35-10(6) kV OAO "Lenenergo" na Period do 2010-2015 gg. s Raschetom Tarifov po Medodike RAB [Reliability Optimization of the 110-35-10(6)-kV Electrical Networks of JSC "Lenenergo" During 2010-2015 years with the Tariffs Calculation via RAB Technique]. Otchet ZAO PFK "SKAF". Moscow, 2009. 1314 p.

Metodika Otsenki Skhemno-Tekhnicheskoy Nadezhnosti Tekhnologicheskikh Elektricheskikh Setey OAO "RZhD" i Elektricheskikh Setey Vneshnego Elektrosnabzheniya dlya Sinkhronizatsii Investitsionnykh Programm OAO "RZhD", OAO "FSK YeES", OAO "Kholding MRSK" [Estimation Technique for System and Technical Reliability of the Technological Electrical Networks of JSC "RZhD" and External Power Supply Electrical Networks for Synchronization of Investment Programs JSC "RZhD", JSC "FSK YeES", JSC "Kholding MRSK"]. Otchet ZAO PFK "SKAF" – Report of PFK "SKAF". Moscow, 2012. 103 p.

Nepomnyashchiy V.A. Nadezhnost v Zadachakh Razvitiya, Upravleniya i Ekspluatatsii Elektroenergeticheskikh Sistem i Elektricheskikh Setey v Usloviyakh Rynochnykh Otnosheniy (Metody, Modeli i Praktika Raschetov) [Reliability in the Development, Control and Maintenance Tasks of the Electric Power Systems and Networks under Market Conditions (Methods, Models and Practical Calculations)]. Moscow: IPKgossluzhby Publ., 2010. 115 p.

Nepomnyashchiy V.A. Optimizatsiya raspredeleniya nadezhnosti po ierarkhicheskim urovnyam sistemy elektrosnabzheniya [Optimization for Reliability Distributing onto Hierarchy Levels of the Electric Power Supply System]. Nadezhnost i Bezopasnost Energetiki - Reliability and security of energy. 2011; 2 (13), pp. 42-49.

Nepomnyashchiy V.A. Problemy Nadezhnosti pri Proektirovanii i Ekspluatatsii Elektricheskikh Setey Energosistem [Reliability Problems under Development and Maintenance of the Power System Electrical Networks]. Saint-Petersburg: PEIPK Publ., 2010. 130 p.


GOST Style Citations


Методика расчета цен (тарифов) на услуги по обеспечению системной надежности в электроэнергетике. В 3 т. // Отчет ЗАО ПФК «СКАФ» по договору с ФСТ России. – М., 2006. – 262 с.

Оптимизация надежности электрических сетей 110–35–10(6) кВ ОАО «Ленэнерго» на период до 2010–2015 гг. с расчетом тарифов по методике RAB. В 5 т. // Отчет ЗАО ПФК «СКАФ». – М., 2009. – 1314 с.

Методика оценки схемно-технической надежности технологических электрических сетей ОАО «РЖД» и электрических сетей внешнего электроснабжения для синхронизации инвестиционных программ ОАО «РЖД», ОАО «ФСК ЕЭС», ОАО «Холдинг МРСК» // Отчет ЗАО ПФК «СКАФ». – М., 2012. – 103 с.

Непомнящий, В. А. Надёжность в задачах развития, управления и эксплуатации электроэнергетических систем и электрических сетей в условиях рыночных отношений (методы, модели и практика расчетов) : учебно-методическое пособие / В.  А. Непомнящий, В. А. Овсейчук, С. Н. Епифанцев. — М. : ИПКгосслужбы, 2010. – 115 с.

Непомнящий, В. А. Оптимизация распределения надежности по иерархическим уровням системы электроснабжения / В. А. Непомнящий // Надежность и безопасность энергетики. – 2011. – № 2 (13): Июнь. – С. 42–49.

Непомнящий, В. А. Проблемы надежности при проектировании и эксплуатации электрических сетей энергосистем / В. А. Непомнящий. – СПб. : ПЭИПК, 2010. – 130 с.