DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/etr.v0i15.155686

Improving methods the power supply systems efficiency on municipal electric transport

В. Х. Далека, О. С. Козлова, А. В. Шкрябко

Abstract


Power consumption estimation in municipal electric transport for increasing the efficiency of using an existing power supply system in modern conditions. The electric power supply systems of the tram and trolleybus, which were built and used for many years in Ukraine, were designed according to the norms and data determined by city planning, the rolling stock number, its characteristics, route features, etc. In recent years, the passenger traffic parameters, number and characteristics of rolling stock have changed considerably, therefore, the actual solution of the issues of already existing electricity supply system most efficient use in the current conditions of topical issue management.

On data of the actual electricity consumption on municipal electric transport, hydrometeorological center, tram enterprises, traffic conditions on routes, received an estimation of the use electricity supply system existing efficiency for appropriate measures was carried out. The method of specific energy consumption determination by separate power areas, determined by the location of traction substations, taking into account the types of rolling stock and their traffic conditions, is proposed. The use of a universal indicator of specific energy consumption as an estimate of the energy consumption level makes it possible to compare the level of electricity supply system components efficiency.

On data of the research the energy expenditures spent components of use efficiency evaluation, the following solutions may be proposed: a new location of stopping points with the elimination of irrationally located and low passenger traffic while maintaining the average passenger travel time; rational distribution of rolling stock on routes; change of the motor transport scheme on the lines of municipal electric transport, the elimination of a traffic lights number, or the equipment of moving parts equipment with right-priority pass; change of the power supply scheme, the use of amplifying cables, wires, reconstruction of traction substations to reduce voltage losses, etc. The method of estimating energy consumption on the basis of comparison of specific energy consumption taking into account traffic conditions is improved. The proposed methodology allows us to develop grounded measures for increasing the efficiency of electric power supply systems in municipal electric transport in modern conditions.

Keywords


electric transport; tram; energy consumption; power district; rolling stock; specific costs; efficiency es-timation

References


The Law of Ukraine "On Energy Saving". (1994). The Resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine No. 75/94-VR dated July 1, 1994. (in Ukrainian)

Kovalko, M. P., Denisyuk, S. P. & Shidlovsky, A. K. (1998). Energy conservation of the state policy priority direction of Ukraine. K .: UEZ. (in Ukrainian)

Kuznetsov, V. G. (2012) Development of theoretical bases of energy saving in power supply systems of traction of trains of direct current: diss. Dr. Tech. Sciences. (in Ukrainian)

Malyarenko, V. A. (2003) Energy saving as an active lever of reforming housing and communal services farms. Communal hosts of cities. Vol. 53. K .: Technics. (in Ukrainian)

Khristyuk, N. M. (1994). The relationship between the planning structure and energy consumption of the passenger transport of the city. Problems of energy saving .- K .: Institute of energy saving problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, No. 3, p. 37-41. (in Russian)

Karpushin, E. I. (2000) Determination of operating costs of energy by rolling stock of tram and trolleybus with the use of fuzzy sets in modeling the movement. Information and control systems in the railway transport. Kharkiv: KhardAZT, P. 48-50. (in Ukrainian)

Daleka, V. H. (2004) Project Management of Resource Saving in Urban Electric Transport. Project Management and Production Development: Collection of Scientific Papers. Ed. VA Rach.- No. 3 (11). (in Ukrainian)

Daleka, V. H. (2002) Estimation of resource use at the enterprises of the city electric transport. Kommunalnoye hozy-o gorodov.-Vip. 46. K .: Technics, P. 189-196. (in Ukrainian)

Shcherbyna, G. P., Zbarsky, L. V., Karpushin, E. I., Budnychenko, V. B., Daleka, V. H. & Krivulya, V. V. (2001). Sectoral utility codes GKN 02.07.005 - 2001. Electricity consumption by tram cars and trolleybuses. Standards. Methods of calculation. Effective from 01.01.2001. -K: StateBuild of Ukraine, - 23s. (in Ukrainian)

Kharkov transport, access mode: gortransport.kharkov.ua


GOST Style Citations


Закон України "Про енергозбереження" // Постанова Верховної Ради України №75/94-ВР від 01.07.1994.

Ковалко М. П. Енергозбереження приоритетней напрямок державної політики України / М. П. Ковалко, С. П. Денисюк, А. К. Шидловський - К.: УЕЗ, 1998. – 506 с.

Кузнецов В.Г. Розвиток теоретичних основ енергозбереження в системах електропостачання тяги поїздів постійного струму: дис. ... д-ра техн. наук: 05.22.09 / Кузнецов Валерій Геннадійович – Дніпропетровськ, 2012. – 390 с.

Маляренко В.А. Енергозбереження як діючий важіль реформування житлово-комунального господарства // Коммунальное хоз-во городов.- Вып. 53. К.: Техніка, 2003.- С. 8-15.

Христюк Н.М. Взаимосвязь между планировочной структурой и энергопотреблением пассажирским транспортом города // Проблемы энергосбережения.- К.: Институт проблем энергосбережения НАН Украины, 1994, № 3, с. 37-41.

Карпушин Е.І. Визначення експлуатаційних витрат енергії рухомим складом трамвая і тролейбуса з застосуванням нечітких множин при моделюванні руху // Інформаційно-керуючі системи на залізничному транспорті; 2(23). Харків: ХарДАЗТ, 2000. - С. 48-50.

Далека В.Х. Управління проектами ресурсозбереження на міському електротранспорті // Управління проектами та розвиток виробництва: Збірник наукових праць. Під ред. В.А. Рач.- 2004.- № 3(11).

Далека В.Х. Оцінка ресурсовикористання на підприємствах міського електротранспорту // Коммунальное хоз-во городов.- Вып. 46. К.: Техніка, 2002.- С. 189-196.

Галузеві комунальні норми ГКН 02.07.005 – 2001. Витрати електроенергії трамвайними вагонами та тролейбусами. Нормативи. Методи розрахунку // Г.П. Щербина, Л.В. Збарський, Е.І. Карпушин, В.Б. Будниченко, В.Х. Далека, В.В. Кривуля. Чинний від 01.01.2001.-К: Держбуд України, 2001. – 23с.

 Харків транспортний, режим доступу: gortransport.kharkov.ua